Skip to main content

Lack of Vaccination and Increased Rate of Unvaccinated People Reduce Immunization

Measles, considered to be the most contagious infectious disease in the world, is once again in the headlines. What are the symptoms? Is it dangerous? How can I prevent it?

vaccination needles and viruses

Measles is one of the most infectious diseases in the world, The chances of contracting measles for a person who have not received a vaccination from a sick person is higher than 90%. 

Measles may lead in ear infections, diarrhea, corneal inflammation, pneumonia, and even brain inflammation. 

The measles vaccine is very effective: between 97% and 99% of those who received the two necessary doses, are immune to the disease.

The disease is transmitted from person to person through respiratory secretions and other contact with a sick person. 

Although there is a vaccine against measles, the disease is relatively common since the rate of immunization against the disease has declined over the years.

In October 2018, the European Center for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC) announced that between January 2018 and mid-October 2018, more than 42,000 people were infected in Europe, 33 of whom died as a result of the complications of the disease.

The incubation period lasts for an average of 14 days (between 6 days and 21 days). Symptoms of measles include high fever, coughing, runny nose, irritation of the eye (red eyes). 

The main symptom that indicates measles, is a widespread reddish rash all over the body. This rash usually begins in the neck and spreads towards the face, back and limbs. The rash looks like a dense cluster of red dots. 

These points tend to connect to each other and create extensive red lines on the skin.

Three to four days after the onset of fever, the characteristic a rash appears. After about three days the rash begins to pass; it becomes more and more pale until it disappears completely. When the rash is over, you start to feel better.

In order to confirm the diagnosis, it is also possible to examine for measles antibodies in the blood as well as the examination of the virus measles in the urine.

How dangerous measles is?

Complications during or after measles are very common and occur in about a third of the cases. The disease can lead to ear infections, diarrhea, inflammation of the corneas, pneumonia, and other rare but life-threatening complications including:

Brain inflammation

This is a rare complication that occurs in about 0.1% of the cases, but it is dangerous and potentially fatal. 


One to two patients out of a thousand may die from measles. The leading cause of mortality among children is pneumonia, which accounts for about 60% of mortality rates. Among adults, the most common cause of death is inflammation of the brain tissue.

In general, the risk of complications from the disease is higher in children under the age of 5 and in adults age 20 years or older. The risk is especially high among undernourished children, mostly in developing countries, among pregnant women and those with an immunosuppressed immune system.

Is there a vaccine for measles?

A vaccine-composed of a live virus-has been in existence since the 1960s. This is a very effective vaccine: between 97% and 99% of those who received the two necessary doses of immunity are immune to the disease. Despite the severity of the disease and the effectiveness of the vaccine, there are populations that are not vaccinated, and there are outbreaks of measles.

Possible side effects of the vaccine

Some of the recipients of the vaccine may have side effects that are usually mild, Including redness and swelling at the injection site, rash and fever.

Those who are advised not to get measles vaccination?

  • When there is a severe fever. 
  • When a severe response occurred after an earlier dose of measles vaccine. 
  • When sensitivity to one of the components of the vaccine is known. 
  • People with severe immunosuppression. 
  • For pregnant women. 
  • For women who are vaccinated for measles, mumps, chickenpox, it is recommended to wait one month after receiving the vaccine before becoming pregnant. 

Frequently asked questions about measles

  • How do I know if I should get a vaccine?
Anyone who had measles or two-dose vaccine is considered protected. Determination of diagnosis or immunization status is done by a physician.
  • I was exposed to measles, what should I do?
In the case of exposure, it is recommended that you contact the Health Bureau in your area immediately. 

Depending on the age and status, the need for vaccination will be decided. A person who received two doses of measles vaccine at a time interval of at least four weeks between doses given after 12 months is considered protected against the disease.
  • I fear that one of my children has contracted measles. What to do?
Contact your doctor immediately and inform him in advance of the risk of measles. If measles is diagnosed, keep your hands clean and try to avoid contact with children or people who are not vaccinated, especially those with immunosuppression.
  • How do travelers to areas with measles outbreak can defend themselves?
Before you travel abroad, it is recommended to complete two doses of measles vaccination, in accordance with, if you are exposed to the virus during your stay abroad, consult your local health office.
  • World Health Organization warns of measles outbreak in Europe - 41,000 infected
  • Measles continues to spread in Europe, causing the infection of some 41,000 people in 2018. Dozens of Europeans died from the disease.
More than 41,000 children and adults have contracted measles since the beginning of the year, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). At least 37 people have died so far from the disease in Europe. 

The highest number of cases of infection occurred in Ukraine, where 23,000 people were infected. The highest number of deaths occurred in Serbia, where the disease claimed the lives of 14 people. Other outbreaks were recorded in France, Georgia, Greece, Italy and Russia.

In 2017, the number of people with measles was 23,927. In 2006, the number of infections in the disease was only 5,273. According to the World Health Organization, the cause of the outbreak is the increase in the rate of vaccine refusers.


Popular posts from this blog

Researchers Identified a Virus that Attacks Cancer Cells

Researchers identified a virus that attacks human cancer cells can distinguishes Healthy cells.
Audio Version Of This Post
Viruses are usually supposed to worry us, but this is not the case with inoculate viruses. those that infect cancer cells and kill them, ignoring healthy cells. So it is no wonder that the search for such viruses attracts many researchers.

The Seneca Valley virus.This virus also known as Senecavirus affects pigs and cows. In recent years it has been found that the virus attacks human cancer cells.

The ability to identify tumors and ignore normal cells tested in two trials. The first in relapsed solid tumors in children and the second in lung carcinoma.

Experiments also found that the immune system was removing the virus from the body. Thus preventing it from completing its anticancer action.
Ongoing research to understand how the Seneca Valley virus may be used for cancer treatments.Researchers at the University of Otago in New Zealand discovered in 2017. That the vi…

New study suggests, people with better sense of smell have a better sense of direction

People with a good sense of smell also have a better sense of direction, suggesting a link between the two systems, a new study suggestsWhy do we have a sense of smell?
The smell of fruit directs us (or at least the lemurs) to the most mature fruit, and even our interpersonal relationships are affected by scents. But some researchers believe that its first use by the first animals, the advantage it gave them over the lack of sense of smell, is navigation. 

Now researchers from Canada have shown that people with a better understanding of smell also navigate better.

The olfactory bulb, the region of the brain that receives information about odors from the nose and makes the initial processing of the smell, exists in many species of animals. It has identified in mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish, and there is a similar structure, even in crabs and insects. 

For some, the bulb is tiny compared to the size of the brain, and for others, it is enormous. A study published several years ago showe…

10 Incredible Scientific Breakthroughs and New Inventions

Scientific discoveries continue to appear every year. new discoveries in a variety of fields, from innovative solutions and treatments for common and deadly diseases to archaeological discoveries, space discoveries, and unusual scandals, learn about 10 groundbreaking scientific discoveries that have taken place and can certainly affect our lives in the near future.

1. Sickle cell anemia can be cured by transplantation of stem cellsSickle cell anemia is a severe and common blood disease in which more than 4 million people worldwide are infected.

In April, a pair of scientists at the National Human Genome Research Institute announced that they had completely cured a 26-year-old man with sickle cell anemia, Through the transplantation of healthy stem cells in the body, they hope and believe that similar results will also occur in the future as more patients receive similar treatment with stem cells.
2. Scientists have been able to stop and reverse the process of aging in miceAging is a natu…